What is cczema?
Eczema is a broad term used to describe a lot of different skin conditions. The hallmark symptoms of eczema are itching and red rash. The skin can get very dry, leathery (from scratching), and inflamed/irritated. Eczema can occur anywhere on the body, however, most commonly it affects the face, elbows, and back of the knees.
What causes eczema?
While the exact cause is unknown, certain factors such as extremely dry skin, harsh soaps/detergents, hot or cold temperatures, etc. can worsen eczema. Appropriate skin care is critical. Gentle cleansers/soaps and liberal use of moisturizer creams (Cetaphil or Cerave) is essential. It is better to use products that are fragrance and dye free.
Is atopic dermatitis same as eczema?
Atopic dermatitis is the most common type of eczema. It is s a chronic, relapsing, itchy condition that is often associated with allergic rhinitis/seasonal allergies and asthma, and often starts in early childhood but can appear at any time of life. It commonly presents as a red itchy rash in the skin folds behind the knees and elbows.
How can eczema be treated?
A lot of rashes can look like eczema, so you should see a Board-Certified Dermatologist that can correctly diagnose your skin condition and provide you with appropriate treatments. The “itch-scratch-rash” cycle that comes with eczema will worsen your condition, so to effectively treat eczema both the rash and itching needs to be controlled. Daily gentle skin care is the highly critical. Some effective prescription eczema medications include topical steroids, topical immunomodulators, antihistamines, and rarely antibiotics.